java POI操作Excel代码收藏 (包括标题垂直水平居中)_m0_37317159的博客-程序员宅基地

技术标签: java  

 
package com.hwt.glmf.common;
 
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
 
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
 
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFCell;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFCellStyle;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFFont;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFRichTextString;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFRow;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFSheet;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFWorkbook;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.util.CellRangeAddress;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.util.HSSFColor;
 
/**
 * 导出Excel公共方法
 * @version 1.0
 * 
 * @author wangcp
 *
 */
public class ExportExcel extends BaseAction {
	
	//显示的导出表的标题
	private String title;
	//导出表的列名
	private String[] rowName ;
	
	private List<Object[]>  dataList = new ArrayList<Object[]>();
	
	HttpServletResponse  response;
	
	//构造方法,传入要导出的数据
	public ExportExcel(String title,String[] rowName,List<Object[]>  dataList){
		this.dataList = dataList;
		this.rowName = rowName;
		this.title = title;
	}
			
	/*
	 * 导出数据
	 * */
	public void export() throws Exception{
		try{
			HSSFWorkbook workbook = new HSSFWorkbook();						// 创建工作簿对象
			HSSFSheet sheet = workbook.createSheet(title);		 			// 创建工作表
			
			// 产生表格标题行
	        HSSFRow rowm = sheet.createRow(0);
	        HSSFCell cellTiltle = rowm.createCell(0);
	        
	        //sheet样式定义【getColumnTopStyle()/getStyle()均为自定义方法 - 在下面  - 可扩展】
	        HSSFCellStyle columnTopStyle = this.getColumnTopStyle(workbook);//获取列头样式对象
	        HSSFCellStyle style = this.getStyle(workbook);					//单元格样式对象
	        
	        sheet.addMergedRegion(new CellRangeAddress(0, 1, 0, (rowName.length-1)));  
	        cellTiltle.setCellStyle(columnTopStyle);
	        cellTiltle.setCellValue(title);
    		
			// 定义所需列数
			int columnNum = rowName.length;
			HSSFRow rowRowName = sheet.createRow(2);				// 在索引2的位置创建行(最顶端的行开始的第二行)
			
			// 将列头设置到sheet的单元格中
			for(int n=0;n<columnNum;n++){
				HSSFCell  cellRowName = rowRowName.createCell(n);				//创建列头对应个数的单元格
				cellRowName.setCellType(HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_STRING);				//设置列头单元格的数据类型
    			HSSFRichTextString text = new HSSFRichTextString(rowName[n]);
    			cellRowName.setCellValue(text);									//设置列头单元格的值
    			cellRowName.setCellStyle(columnTopStyle);						//设置列头单元格样式
    		}
			
    		//将查询出的数据设置到sheet对应的单元格中
			for(int i=0;i<dataList.size();i++){
				
				Object[] obj = dataList.get(i);//遍历每个对象
				HSSFRow row = sheet.createRow(i+3);//创建所需的行数
				
				for(int j=0; j<obj.length; j++){
					HSSFCell  cell = null;   //设置单元格的数据类型
					if(j == 0){
						cell = row.createCell(j,HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_NUMERIC);
						cell.setCellValue(i+1);	
					}else{
						cell = row.createCell(j,HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_STRING);
						if(!"".equals(obj[j]) && obj[j] != null){
							cell.setCellValue(obj[j].toString());						//设置单元格的值
						}
					}
					cell.setCellStyle(style);									//设置单元格样式
				}
			}
			//让列宽随着导出的列长自动适应
			for (int colNum = 0; colNum < columnNum; colNum++) {
	            int columnWidth = sheet.getColumnWidth(colNum) / 256;
	            for (int rowNum = 0; rowNum < sheet.getLastRowNum(); rowNum++) {
	                HSSFRow currentRow;
	                //当前行未被使用过
	                if (sheet.getRow(rowNum) == null) {
	                    currentRow = sheet.createRow(rowNum);
	                } else {
	                    currentRow = sheet.getRow(rowNum);
	                }
	                if (currentRow.getCell(colNum) != null) {
	                    HSSFCell currentCell = currentRow.getCell(colNum);
	                    if (currentCell.getCellType() == HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_STRING) {
	                        int length = currentCell.getStringCellValue().getBytes().length;
	                        if (columnWidth < length) {
	                            columnWidth = length;
	                        }
	                    }
	                }
	            }
	            if(colNum == 0){
	            	sheet.setColumnWidth(colNum, (columnWidth-2) * 256);
	            }else{
	            	sheet.setColumnWidth(colNum, (columnWidth+4) * 256);
	            }
	        }
			
			if(workbook !=null){
				try
			    {
			        String fileName = "Excel-" + String.valueOf(System.currentTimeMillis()).substring(4, 13) + ".xls";
			        String headStr = "attachment; filename=\"" + fileName + "\"";
			        response = getResponse();
			        response.setContentType("APPLICATION/OCTET-STREAM");
			        response.setHeader("Content-Disposition", headStr);
			        OutputStream out = response.getOutputStream();
			        workbook.write(out);
			    }
			    catch (IOException e)
			    {
			        e.printStackTrace();
			    }
			}
 
		}catch(Exception e){
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		
	}
	
	/* 
	 * 列头单元格样式
	 */    
  	public HSSFCellStyle getColumnTopStyle(HSSFWorkbook workbook) {
  		
  		  // 设置字体
    	  HSSFFont font = workbook.createFont();
    	  //设置字体大小
    	  font.setFontHeightInPoints((short)11);
    	  //字体加粗
    	  font.setBoldweight(HSSFFont.BOLDWEIGHT_BOLD);
    	  //设置字体名字 
    	  font.setFontName("Courier New");
    	  //设置样式; 
    	  HSSFCellStyle style = workbook.createCellStyle();
    	  //设置底边框; 
    	  style.setBorderBottom(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
    	  //设置底边框颜色;  
    	  style.setBottomBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);
    	  //设置左边框;   
    	  style.setBorderLeft(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
    	  //设置左边框颜色; 
    	  style.setLeftBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);
    	  //设置右边框; 
    	  style.setBorderRight(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
    	  //设置右边框颜色; 
    	  style.setRightBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);
    	  //设置顶边框; 
    	  style.setBorderTop(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
    	  //设置顶边框颜色;  
    	  style.setTopBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);
    	  //在样式用应用设置的字体;  
    	  style.setFont(font);
    	  //设置自动换行; 
    	  style.setWrapText(false);
    	  //设置水平对齐的样式为居中对齐;  
    	  style.setAlignment(HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_CENTER);
    	  //设置垂直对齐的样式为居中对齐; 
    	  style.setVerticalAlignment(HSSFCellStyle.VERTICAL_CENTER);
    	  
    	  return style;
    	  
  	}
  	
  	/*  
	 * 列数据信息单元格样式
	 */  
  	public HSSFCellStyle getStyle(HSSFWorkbook workbook) {
	  	  // 设置字体
	  	  HSSFFont font = workbook.createFont();
	  	  //设置字体大小
	  	  //font.setFontHeightInPoints((short)10);
	  	  //字体加粗
	  	  //font.setBoldweight(HSSFFont.BOLDWEIGHT_BOLD);
	  	  //设置字体名字 
	  	  font.setFontName("Courier New");
	  	  //设置样式; 
	  	  HSSFCellStyle style = workbook.createCellStyle();
	  	  //设置底边框; 
	  	  style.setBorderBottom(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
	  	  //设置底边框颜色;  
	  	  style.setBottomBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);
	  	  //设置左边框;   
	  	  style.setBorderLeft(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
	  	  //设置左边框颜色; 
	  	  style.setLeftBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);
	  	  //设置右边框; 
	  	  style.setBorderRight(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
	  	  //设置右边框颜色; 
	  	  style.setRightBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);
	  	  //设置顶边框; 
	  	  style.setBorderTop(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
	  	  //设置顶边框颜色;  
	  	  style.setTopBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);
	  	  //在样式用应用设置的字体;  
	  	  style.setFont(font);
	  	  //设置自动换行; 
	  	  style.setWrapText(false);
	  	  //设置水平对齐的样式为居中对齐;  
	  	  style.setAlignment(HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_CENTER);
	  	  //设置垂直对齐的样式为居中对齐; 
	  	  style.setVerticalAlignment(HSSFCellStyle.VERTICAL_CENTER);
	  	 
	  	  return style;
  	
  	}
}

 

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,遵循 CC 4.0 BY-SA 版权协议,转载请附上原文出处链接和本声明。
本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/m0_37317159/article/details/86496590

智能推荐

随便推点